Answer: There is no standard set of consequences if an ISO standard is not implemented in an organization, because these will depend on the applicable laws, contracts, regulations and business objectives, which will vary from organization to organization.
To help organizations understand this, ISO management standards require that organizations determine external and internal issues relevant to its purpose and that can affect its management system, including needs and expectations of interested parties (clauses 4.1 and 4.2 of ISO management standards).
On the other hand, when talking about benefits of adopting ISO standards, they can be related to:
- Enhanced competitive edge
- Reduction on losses due to incidents and non conformities
- Reduction on fines due to legal or contractual non conformity
- Improvement of internal organization