I've received this question: Can you help me to find the "internal and external issue" and the "interested parties" in order to understanding the my organization's context for iso 27001?
Answer: Internal issues and external issues will be mostly discovered during the risk assessment process and by identifying interested parties, so in my opinion you don't have to do much more than that. If you want to do additional step, then you can perform the SWOT analysis (Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats), and PEST analysis (Political-Economical-Social-Technological impacts).
To identify interested parties, you need to see who can influence the confidentiality, integrity and availability of your information, or who will be influenced by your activities. Normally, these include your customers, partners, government agencies, local community, employees, shareholders, etc.
I am sorry, but ISO 31000 does not say specifically that the risk assessment starts with the identification of issues (I suppose that you mean this). In accordance with ISO 31000 (clause 5.4.1 General): "Risk assessment is the overall process of risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation". And in the clause 5.4.2 Risk identification, you can read "The organization should identify sources of risk, areas of impacts, events (including changes in circumstances) and their causes and their potential consequences". So, you can start the risk assessment with the risk identification, after you can continue with the risk analysis and finally you can continue with the risk evaluation.