You can see an introduction to clauses 4.1 and 4.2 in this free webinar on-demand - ISO 9001:2015 clause 4 - Context of the organization, interested parties, and scope - .
In the same webinar, you can see a practical example of the relationship between clauses 4.1, 4.2, and 6.1. Let us present an example.
Consider an organization that determined its relevant internal and external issues. Among them let us focus our attention in four:
1.Work experience abroad (internal issue)
2.Low bargaining power (internal issue)
3.Increased public investment abroad (external issue)
4.Increased competition in the internal market (external issue)
When you look into these issues you can start giving them your classification as positive or negative for the organization. According to that classification, you can call your issues “Strengths”, “Weaknesses”, “Opportunities” and “Threats”. Then, you can try to match “Strengths” with “Opportunities”, “Strengths” with “Threats”, “Weaknesses” with “Opportunities”, and “Weaknesses” with “Threats”. In the above example, something like:
1x3 - Let us use the experience of working abroad to take advantage of the increase in public investment abroad
1x4 - Let us use the experience of working abroad to escape the increased competition in the domestic market
2x3 - Let us use the experience of working abroad to compensate for our low bargaining power in the domestic market
2x4 - We have to avoid combining our low bargaining power with increased competition in the domestic market
Now, consider the “Capital owners” of the company as a relevant interested party. What are their relevant requirements and expectations? We can think of one of them as:
A nice return on capital invested
Anything that goes against this requirement is a risk, anything that goes for this requirement is an opportunity, and that is the realm of clause 6.1.